Get familiar with Azure IoT Hub pricing (2023)

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Azure IoT Hub pricingprovides general information about various SKUs and pricing for IoT Hub. This article provides details on how IoT Hub meters the various IoT Hub capabilities as messages.


Some of the features mentioned in this article, such as Features such as cloud-to-device messaging, device twins, and device management are only available in the IoT Hub Standard tier. For more information on the Basic and Standard/Free IoT Hub plans, seeChoose the right IoT Hub tier for your solution.

operating cost

Use the table below to determine which operations are chargeable. All billable operations are billed in 4K chunks in entry-level and standard IoT hubs. Operations are metered in 0.5K chunks in free-tier IoT hubs. For details on each category, see theBilling InformationSplit. This column contains the following information:

(Video) Understanding IoT Architecture And How It's Implemented On Azure

  • Details on how billable operations are metered in entry-level and standard IoT hubs. Not all operations are available at the base level.
  • Chargeable transactions with:
    • A link to the REST API documentation, if any.
    • The endpoint of the operation if the REST API documentation is not available or if the operation is only available via MQTT and/or AMQP. The endpoint value omits the initial reference to the target IoT hub;{fully qualified-iothub-name}
  • One or more terms initalicsafter each operation (or end point). These Terms represent billable operations that will be charged against your IoT Hub fee. You may see these terms as part of a quota usage insight when you start a support request in the Azure portal. They can also be returned by customer service. You can use the table below to compare these terms with the corresponding process to better understand quota usage and billing for your IoT solution. For more information, seeexample 4.
operational categoryBilling Information
Identity Registration Operations
(create, update, retrieve, list, delete, bulk update, statistics)
Without costs.
Device-to-Cloud MessagesSuccessfully sent messages are billed in 4 KB chunks upon entering the IoT hub. For example, a 100-byte message is billed as one message, and a 6 KB message is billed as two messages.

Send device event: anyDevice-to-Cloud TelemetryÖDevice-to-Cloud Telemetry Routingdepending on whether the IoT hub has message routing capabilities configured.

Cloud messages to the deviceSuccessfully sent messages are billed in 4 KB chunks. For example, a 6 KB message is billed as two messages.

Receive a notification associated with the device:Cloud to device command

File UploadsIoT Hub does not meter the transfer of files to Azure Storage. Start and end messages for file transfers are calculated as messages are metered in 4 KB increments. For example, a 10MB file transfer is charged as two messages in addition to Azure Storage costs.

File upload create Sas Uri:Upload files from device to cloud
Update file upload status:Upload files from device to cloud

direct methodsSuccessful method requests are billed in 4KB chunks, and responses are billed in 4KB chunks as additional messages. Requests or responses without a payload are charged as one message. For example, a method with a 4KB body that results in a response with no device payload is billed as two messages. A method with a 6 KB body that results in a 1 KB response from the device is charged as two messages for the request plus one more message for the response. Requests to offline devices are billed as 4 KB chunk messages plus a reply message indicating that the device is not online.

Device: Invoke method:Direct device call method,
Module - invocation method:Direct module call method

Twin device and module readsTwin reads from the device or module and the solution backend are billed as messages in 4KB chunks. For example, reading an 8 KB twin is billed as two messages.

get twin:get twin
Get module twin:Get module twin

Reading device and module twins from a device:
final point:/devices/{id}/twin(MQTT, only AMQP):D2C Get Gemini
final point:/devices/{device id}/modules/{module id}/twin(Solo-MQTT, AMQP):Modul D2C Get Twin

Device and module twin updates (tags and properties)Twin updates for the appliance or module and for the solution backend are billed as messages in 4 KB chunks. For example, a 12 KB update for a twin is billed as three messages.

update twin:update twin
Update module twin:Update module twin
replace twin:replace twin
Twin module replacement:Twin module replacement

Update the reported properties of the device or module twin from a device:
final point:/twin/PATCH/properties/reported/(MQTT, only AMQP):Properties reported by D2 PatchÖModul D2 Patch ReportedProperties

Receive notifications of requested property updates on a device:
final point:/twin/PATCH/properties/desired/(MQTT, only AMQP):Desired properties of the D2C reportÖDesired properties of the D2C module report

Device and module twin queriesinquiries against itDevicesÖDevice.ModulesThey are charged as messages based on the size of the result in 4KB chunks. inquiries against itjobsthey will not be charged.

get twins(Query againstDevicesÖDevice.Modulescollections):consulting devices

digital twin readingsDigital twin reads from the solution backend are billed as messages in 4KB chunks. For example, reading an 8 KB twin is billed as two messages.

get a digital twin:get a digital twin

Digital twin updatesDigital twin updates from the solution backend are charged as 4 KB chunked messages. For example, a 12 KB update for a twin is billed as three messages.

Update the digital twin:Digital twin patch

digital twin commandsSuccessful commands are calculated in 4KB chunks and responses are calculated in 4KB chunks as additional messages. Requests or replies without text will be charged as one message. For example, a command with a 4KB body that results in a no-body response from the device is billed as two messages. A command with a 6 KB body that results in a 1 KB response from the device is billed as two messages for the command plus one message for the response. Commands to offline devices are billed as 4 KB chunk messages plus a reply message indicating that the device is not online.

Invoke component command:Digital Twin Component Command
Call the root-level command:Root command for digital twins

Job Operation
(create, cancel, retrieve, query)
Without costs.
Job operations by deviceJob operations (such as twin updates and methods) are billed in 4 KB chunks. For example, a job that generates 1,000 method calls with 1KB requests and empty payload responses will be billed for 2,000 messages (one message for each request and response).

Update device twin job
Call device job method

setup operations
(Create, Update, Get, List, Delete, Query Query)
Without costs.
Configuration operations per deviceConfiguration operations are billed as messages in 4 KB chunks. Responses are not calculated. For example, a setup app operation with a 6KB body is billed as two messages.

Apply to Edge device:Apply configuration service.

maintenance notificationsWhen using the AMQP or MQTT protocol, messages exchanged to establish the connection and messages exchanged during the negotiation or to keep the connection open and active are not charged.
Device sequences (preview)Device streams are in preview and operations aren't billed yet.

final point:/twins/{device id}/streams/{stream name}:device streams
final point:/twins/{device id}/modules/{module id}/streams/{streamName}:device flow module


All sizes are calculated in bytes considering the payload size (protocol framework is ignored). For messages that have properties and body, the size is calculated independently of the protocol. For more information, seeIoT Hub message format.

Maximum message sizes differ for different types of operations. For more information, seeIoT Hub Quotas and Limits.

For some operations, you can use compression and stacking strategies to reduce costs. For an example using device-to-cloud telemetry, seeExample #3.

example 1

A device sends a 1 KB per minute device-to-cloud message to IoT Hub, which is then read by Azure Stream Analytics. The backend of the solution calls a method (with a payload of 512 bytes) on the device every 10 minutes to trigger a specific action. The device responds to the method with a result of 200 bytes.

The device consumes:

(Video) Azure IoT Central Roadmap | OD140

  • One message * 60 minutes * 24 hours = 1440 messages per day for device-to-cloud messaging.

  • Two messages (request plus response) * 6 times per hour * 24 hours = 288 messages for the methods.

This calculation gives a total of 1728 messages per day.

Example #2

A device sends a 100 KB device-to-cloud message every hour. It also updates its device twin with payloads of 1 KB every four hours. The solution backend reads the 14 KB device twin once a day and updates it with 512 byte payloads to change configurations.

The device consumes:

  • 25 (100KB/4KB) messages * 24 hours for device-to-cloud messages.

  • One message (1 KB/4 KB) * six times a day for device twin updates.

    (Video) Azure IoT Services Overview | Microsoft Azure IoT For Beginners

This calculation results in a total of 606 reports per day.

The back end of the solution consumes 4 messages (14 KB/4 KB) to read the device twin plus one message (512/4 KB) to update it, for a total of 5 messages.

In total, the appliance and the back end of the solution consume 611 messages per day.

Example #3

Depending on your scenario, batch messages can reduce your quota usage.

For example, consider a device with a sensor that only generates 100 bytes of data on each read:

  • If the device batch reads 40 sensors in a single device-to-cloud message with a payload of 4 KB (40 * 100 bytes), only one message counts against the quota. If the device reads the sensor 40 times per hour and aggregates those readings into a single device-to-cloud message per hour, it would send 24 messages per day.

  • If the device sends a device-to-cloud message with a payload of 100 bytes for each sensor reading, it consumes 40 messages against the quota for the same amount of data. If the device reads the sensor 40 times per hour and sends each message individually, it would send 960 messages/day (40 messages * 24).

    (Video) IoT Demo: Azure IoT Hub Data Egress - Routing

Your stacking strategy depends on your scenario and how time sensitive the data is. If you're sending large amounts of data, you might also consider implementing data compression to further reduce the impact on your message quota.

Example #4

Opening a support request in the Azure portal runs specific diagnostics for your reported issue. The result is displayed as an idea of ​​thesolutionsyour application form. One of these perspectives reports quota usage for their IoT hub using the italicized terms in the table above. Whether this specific information is returned depends on the results of the diagnostics performed on your IoT hub for the issue you are reporting. When quota usage information is reported, you can use the table to compare the reported terms of use to the operations to which they relate.

For example, the screenshot below shows a support request initiated by an issue with device-to-cloud telemetry.

Get familiar with Azure IoT Hub pricing (1)

After the selectionfollowing solutions, the diagnostic returns the quota usage information inBreakdown of daily IoT Hub message sharing. Shows the breakdown of device-to-cloud messages sent to the IoT hub. In this case, message routing is enabled in the IoT hub, so the messages appear asDevice-to-Cloud Telemetry Routing. Note that quota usage information may not be returned for the same issue in a different IoT hub. What is returned depends on the activity and status of this IoT hub.

Get familiar with Azure IoT Hub pricing (2)


Which of the following capability is not available with the basic pricing tier of IoT Hub? ›

IoT Hub also offers a free tier that is meant for testing and evaluation. It has all the capabilities of the standard tier, but includes limited messaging allowances. You can't upgrade from the free tier to either the basic or standard tier.

How many IoT Hub can we create at no cost with an Azure free tier account? ›

Each Azure subscription can create one IoT hub in the free tier.

Which Azure service should you recommend to analyze the data from IoT hub? ›

Azure Stream Analytics is a fully managed, real-time analytics service designed to help you analyze and process fast moving streams of data that can be used to get insights, build reports or trigger alerts and actions. In this tutorial, you perform the following tasks: Create a consumer group on your IoT hub.

Is Azure IoT Hub free? ›

The IoT Hub Free Edition is intended to encourage proof of concept projects. It enables you to transmit up to a total of 8,000 messages per day, and register up to 500 device identities. The device identity limit is only present for the Free Edition.

What is the difference between Azure IoT hub and IoT Central? ›

Central vs Hub

IoT Central is a platform where you can centralize all your device data. It also allows you to set up data-driven workflows and create custom apps for your devices. Meanwhile, IoT Hub acts as the communication hub where all your devices can connect and send data back to your central data hub.

How do I change my IoT hub pricing tier? ›

Upgrade your existing IoT hub

Select Pricing and scale from the navigation menu. To upgrade the tier for your hub, select Upgrade on the tier tile. You can only upgrade from the basic tier to the standard tier. You can't change the tier of a free or standard hub.

How many free IoT Hub can be created per account? ›

Each Azure subscription can have at most 50 IoT hubs, and at most 1 Free hub.

Which of the following pricing tier is supported by IoT Hub? ›

Standard tier
Edition TypePrice per IoT Hub unit (per month)Total number of messages/day per IoT Hub unit

What is the difference between Azure IoT hub and event hub? ›

The unique device-level identity provided by IoT Hub helps better secure your IoT solution from potential attacks. Azure Event Hubs is the big data streaming service of Azure.

Why do we need azure IoT hub? ›

Azure IoT Hub provides a cloud-hosted solution back end to connect virtually any device. Extend your solution from the cloud to the edge with per-device authentication, built-in device management, and scaled provisioning.

What are the three components of an azure IoT hub message? ›

A message enrichment has three key elements, the key name for the enrichment, the value of the enrichment key, and the endpoints that the enrichment applies to. Message enrichments are added to the IoT Hub message as application properties.

How do I visualize data from Azure IoT hub? ›

Open a web page to see data from your IoT hub

Open a browser to http://localhost:3000 . In the Select a device list, select your device to see a running plot of the last 50 temperature and humidity data points sent by the device to your IoT hub.

What is Azure Hub subscription? ›

Microsoft Azure Stack Hub is a hybrid cloud platform that lets you deliver services from your datacenter. Services include virtual machines (VMs), SQL Server databases, and even Azure Marketplace items. As a service provider, you can offer services to your tenants.

How can I practice Azure for free? ›

Microsoft Azure's In-House Training

Microsoft Learn Courses cover Azure Virtual Machines and Virtual Networks, PaaS, automation and management, cloud migration, and more. With an Azure free account, you can get hands-on and learn on the move. Signing up is free, and you'll get a $200 credit after the first 30 days.

What is equivalent to IoT hub? ›

IoT Core for AWS is somewhat equivalent to IoT Hub for Microsoft. IoT Core is a data ingestion service that provides secure, bi-directional communication for IoT devices, using protocols such as MQTT or HTTPS.

What are the 4 types of IoT platforms? ›

Let's go over the four types of IoT platforms and what they can do for you.
  • IoT Connectivity Platforms. ...
  • IoT Device Management Platforms. ...
  • IoT Application Enablement Platforms. ...
  • IoT Analytics Platforms.
Jan 5, 2023

Is Azure IoT hub PaaS or SaaS? ›

IoT Hub-based PaaS solution.

Does Azure IoT hub use MQTT? ›

IoT Hub enables devices to communicate with the IoT Hub device endpoints using: MQTT v3. 1.1 on TCP port 8883.

How can I reduce my IoT price? ›

How to reduce business costs with the Internet of Things (IoT)
  1. Security. Security cameras as we know them are changing drastically. ...
  2. Energy Monitoring. ...
  3. Save on labour costs. ...
  4. Continuous revenue stream. ...
  5. Inventory management.

Can we change the pricing tier in Azure? ›

Change a pricing tier

After you create your Azure Maps account, you can upgrade or downgrade the pricing tier for your Azure Maps account. To upgrade or downgrade, navigate to the Pricing Tier option in the settings menu.

How can I make IoT affordable? ›

Slash the Cost of Your IoT Device
  1. Choose the right SoC. ...
  2. Consider Battery Requirements. ...
  3. Minimize BOM Cost. ...
  4. Consider Manufacturing Costs. ...
  5. Understand the NRE Tradeoff.

What is the limit of Azure IoT hub? ›

IoT Hub message maximum retention for device-to-cloud messages7 days
Maximum size of device-to-cloud message256 KB
Maximum size of device-to-cloud batchAMQP and HTTP: 256 KB for the entire batch MQTT: 256 KB for each message
Maximum messages in device-to-cloud batch500
21 more rows

How much does it cost to use IoT? ›

The development budget for a simple IoT app with basic features may start from $30,000. If your app should have third-party integrations with, let's say, payment systems, or complex logic, the development cost could be calculated starting from $50,000.

How do I make money with IoT devices? ›

Salaries are the largest expense for most businesses, and the IoT can be used to make sure that those salaries are well-spent.
3 Ways to Make Money with the IoT (with Examples)
  1. Use the IoT as a tool to optimize internal processes.
  2. Use the IoT add value to an existing product.
  3. Build an entire business around an IoT product.
Nov 4, 2019

What is the most popular market for IoT? ›

Top 8 IoT Trends in 2023
  1. Security. Security remains one of the top focuses in IoT for those who develop or use it. ...
  2. Data Analytics. ...
  3. SaaS. ...
  4. IoT in the Healthcare Industry. ...
  5. Smart City. ...
  6. Remote Equipment Management. ...
  7. Smart Home. ...
  8. Intelligent Manufacturing.
Nov 3, 2022

Who uses Azure IoT hub? ›

The companies using Azure IoT Hub are most often found in United States and in the Information Technology and Services industry. Azure IoT Hub is most often used by companies with >10000 employees and >1000M dollars in revenue.
Who uses Azure IoT Hub?
Company Size>10000
16 more rows

Which cloud service is best for IoT? ›

Top 7 IoT Cloud Platforms
  • Amazon Web Services (AWS) IoT Platform.
  • Microsoft Azure IoT.
  • Google IoT.
  • IBM Watson IoT.
  • Cisco IoT Cloud Connect.
  • ThingsBoard Open-Source IoT Platform.
  • Oracle IoT Intelligent Applications.
Feb 17, 2023

Is Azure IoT hub PaaS? ›

IoT Hub is a Platform-as-a-Services (PaaS) managed service, hosted in the cloud, that acts as a central message hub for bi-directional communication between an IoT application and the devices it manages.

Is Azure event hub push or pull? ›

Yes, Azure Event Hub push events to event consumers, there is no need to 'poll' for consuming the events.

How does Azure IoT hub store data? ›

Storage Account as Endpoint to IoT Hub
  1. Go to your IoT Hub and click on Endpoints under Messaging.
  2. Click on Add to add an Endpoint.
  3. An Add Endpoint pane will open. Enter a name for the endpoint and select the type of endpoint as Azure Storage Container. ...
  4. Click OK.

What are the key features of Azure IoT hub? ›

AI + machine learning
  • Add cognitive capabilities to apps with APIs and AI services.
  • Azure Form Recognizer. Accelerate information extraction from documents.
  • Enterprise scale search for app development.
  • Azure OpenAI Service. Apply advanced coding and language models to a variety of use cases.

What are the advantages of IoT hub? ›

Internet of Things Hub provides a secure communication channel for your devices to send data. Per-device authentication ensures that each device connects with the IoT hub securely and is managed securely. You have full control over device access and can manage connections at the per-device level.

What are the 3 types of data that can be stored in Azure? ›

Microsoft Azure and most other cloud providers offer several different types of storage, each with its own unique pricing structure and preferred use. Azure storage types include objects, managed files and managed disks.

What are the different ways to control access to Azure IoT Hub? ›

There are three different ways for controlling access to IoT Hub:
  • Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) integration for service APIs. ...
  • Shared access signatures lets you group permissions and grant them to applications using access keys and signed security tokens. ...
  • Per-device security credentials.
Jan 12, 2023

What type of message is IoT hub? ›

IoT Hub implements device-to-cloud messaging using a streaming messaging pattern. IoT Hub's device-to-cloud messages are more like Event Hubs events than Service Bus messages in that there is a high volume of events passing through the service that can be read by multiple readers.

Where does IoT hub store data? ›

IoT Hub supports writing data to Azure Storage in the Apache Avro format and the JSON format. The default is AVRO.

How do I send data to Azure IoT hub? ›

Optionally, you can send cloud-to-device messages by using the Azure portal. To do this, browse to the overview page for your IoT Hub, select IoT Devices, select the simulated device, and select Message to Device.

How do I connect devices to Azure IoT hub? ›

Register a device
  1. Run the az iot hub device-identity create command in your CLI shell. This command creates the device identity. your_iot_hub_name. ...
  2. Run the az iot hub device-identity connection-string show command. Azure CLI Copy. Open Cloudshell. ...
  3. Save the connection string in a secure location.
Feb 2, 2023

What is Microsoft Azure IoT hub? ›

Azure IoT Hub provides a cloud-hosted solution back end to connect virtually any device. Extend your solution from the cloud to the edge with per-device authentication, built-in device management, and scaled provisioning. Security-enhanced communication channel for sending and receiving data from IoT devices.

Can I use Azure without subscription? ›

Do I pay anything to start with the Azure free account? No. Starting is free. You won't be charged anything unless you decide to move to pay-as-you-go pricing.

How many types of Azure subscriptions are there? ›

An Azure subscription is tied to a single account, the one that was used to create it and is also used for billing. Resources can be supplied as instances of the many Azure products and services under the subscription. Free, pay-as-you-go, and member offers are the three primary types of subscriptions accessible.

Can a non IT person learn Azure? ›

To get this Azure certification, you need to pass the AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals exam. The Azure fundamentals certification is designed to validate a foundational knowledge level of Azure cloud services. It is intended for both technical and non-technical candidates.

Can I learn Azure without coding? ›

Yes, you can learn Microsoft Azure without learning to program. But this would restrict your work roles to just non-technical roles. If you're a beginner, learning a programming language is recommended, such as Python, to get a high-paying job in the cloud computing industry.

Can we learn Azure on OWN? ›

Yes! There is no pre-requisite in learning Azure and the AZ-900 in this platform will help you understand Azure basics and for sure can make you explain what each and every offering Azure currently has.

How many devices can be on a IoT hub? ›

The total number of devices plus modules that can be registered to a single IoT hub is capped at 1,000,000. The only way to increase this limit is to contact Microsoft Support.

Is IoT hub a gateway? ›

IoT Edge devices can operate as gateways, providing a connection between other devices on the network and IoT Hub. The IoT Edge hub module acts like IoT Hub, so it can handle connections from other devices that have an identity with the same IoT hub.

What is the difference between IoT hub and IoT edge? ›

The IoT Edge agent deploys and monitors the modules, while the IoT Edge hub is responsible for communication. Both the IoT Edge agent and the IoT Edge hub are modules, just like any other module running on an IoT Edge device. They're sometimes referred to as the runtime modules.

Which of the following is not a basic requirement capability of IoT device? ›

9. Which of the following is not a fundamental component of an IoT system? Explanation: Sensors are required to collect data, network connectivity is required for data processing and to interface with the user. Transformers are not required as they are used for voltage transformation.

Which of the following is not a basic component of a IoT system? ›

25. Identify among the following which is not a fundamental component of IoT system. Explanation: C) Transformers are not a fundamental component of an IoT systems.

Which of the following is not applicable for IoT? ›

Cellphones that send data synchronously using the Real-time Transport Protocol are considered non-IoT elements while devices communicating asynchronously could be.

Which of the following is NOT advantage of IoT? ›

Which of the following is not an advantage of IoT? Explanation: Security : IoT creates an ecosystem of constantly connected devices communicating over networks. The system offers little control despite any security measures. This leaves users exposed to various kinds of attackers.

What are the 3 capabilities of IoT? ›

Their essential features/capabilities are on the level of connectivity and network management, device management, data acquisition, processing analysis and visualization, application enablement, integration and storage.

What are the 5 essential components of an IoT system? ›

Major Components of IoT
  • Things or Devices. The key physical items being tracked are Things or Devices. ...
  • User Interface. User interface also termed as UI is nothing but a user-facing program that allows the user to monitor and manipulate data. ...
  • Cloud. ...
  • Analytics. ...
  • Network Interconnection. ...
  • System Security. ...
  • Central Control Hardware.
Mar 10, 2022

What are three requirements for the internet of Things IoT to work? ›

The three requirements of the Internet of Things are connectivity, sensors, and intelligence. These enable IoT devices to be helpful and valuable but also bring specific challenges and considerations to address.

How does IoT work in simple words? ›

The internet of things, or IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

What are the four primary systems of IoT technology? ›

The Internet of Things denotes the connection of devices, machines, and sensors to the Internet. An IoT system comprises four basic building blocks: sensors, processors, gateways, and applications.

What is the first recognized IoT device? ›

1990-1993 – World's first IoT device invented

In 1990, John Romkey created the first IOT device – a toaster that could be turned on and off over the Internet.

Is iPhone an IoT device? ›

The first mainstream device to showcase the power of connected sensors was the iPhone — the original IoT device for the world at large, which was launched in 2007.

Is Raspberry Pi an IoT device? ›

The powerful CPU coupled with Wireless LAN and Bluetooth 4.1 radio makes it an ideal candidate for IoT projects, because multiple sensors can be connected to it simultaneously. In addition, the Raspberry Pi has a 40-pin GPIO (General Purpose I/O) connector for interfacing with external sensors.

Is a laptop an IoT device? ›

The Internet of Things refers to electronic devices that are able to connect to the Internet and share data with other Internet enabled devices. Also known as connected devices, this includes laptops, smartphones, and computers, however they are far from limited from just these three things.

What is the weakness of IoT? ›

Weaknesses of the Internet of Things

The #1 biggest weakness of any IoT device is security. Or really, the lack of it. IoT devices can be compromised by attackers. The news has already covered stories about attackers exploiting weaknesses in smart fridges — which led to the exposure of Gmail logins.

What is the main disadvantage of IoT? ›

Integrating encryption and security protocols with IoT devices can be difficult with a large fleet of devices. The cost in time, effort and money to do it on all devices might be prohibitive, so some businesses might use inadequate platforms because they're cheap or forego it altogether.

What disadvantage would you give using IoT? ›

Other disadvantages or limitations of IoT include:

Our information is at risk since we have so many devices on the internet. The interconnected devices rely so much on the internet that they can't function without it. We will be dependent on technology and lose control of our lives.


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